WBCS Prelims Daily GS Quiz

West Bengal Civil Service Preliminary Exam Quiz – 3


The following quiz will have 20 General Studies Multiple Chose Questions for West Bengal Civil Service preliminary exam and also helpful other competitive exams like State PSC (BPSC, JPSC, MPSC, OPSC, RPSC, PPSC, UPPSC etc.) exams, UPSC (CDS and NDA), Railway Recruitment Board (RRB) exams, Staff Selection Commission exams (CGL, CHSL and MTS) and other competitive exams.
Hope this quiz will be helpful to you all!

1. Which sector contributes the most of India’s economy?

[A] Service sector
[B] Manufacturing sector
[C] Agriculture sector
[D] Small scale Industries

Correct Answer: [A] Service sector
Explanation: Services sector is the largest sector of India. Services sector contributes around 54% of total India’s GDP. Industrial sector is at the second spot and contributing around 31% of the Indian GDP. Agriculture sector is at the third spot and contributing around 15% of the Indian GDP.

2. Which of the following were among the first estimators of National Income in India
1. Dadabhai Naoroji
2. William Digby
3. V.K.R.V. Rao
4. R.C. Desai

[A] 1 and 2 only
[B] 1 and 3 only
[C] 1, 3 and 4 only
[D] All of the above

Correct Answer: [D] All of the above
Explanation: The colonial government never made any sincere attempt to estimate India’s national and per capita income. Some individual attempts which were made to measure such incomes yielded conflicting and inconsistent results. Among the notable estimators are Dadabhai Naoroj, William Digby, V.K.R.V. Rao, R.C. Desai and Findlay Shirras.

3. “Double Coincidence of Wants” is related with:

[A] Budgetary allocation
[B] Transfer of fund from RBI to banks
[C] Digital economy
[D] Barter system

Correct Answer: [D] Barter system
Explanation: Barter is a system of exchange where goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange, such as money. Double coincidence of wants is its unique feature.

4. Arrange the following measures of money supply, viz. M1, M2, M3 and M4 as per increasing liquidity:

[A] M1 > M2 > M3 > M4
[B] M4 > M3 > M2 > M1
[C] M3 > M2 > M1 > M4
[D] M1 > M3 > M2 > M4

Correct Answer: [A] M1 > M2 > M3 > M4
Explanation: M1 is most liquid and easiest for transactions whereas M4 is least liquid of all. M2 is more liquid than M3.
The Reserve bank of India calculates the four concepts of Money supply in India. They are called Money Stock Measures-
M1 = Currency with the public + Demand Deposits of public in Banks (Narrow Money)
M2 = M1 + Post Office Savings
M3 = M1 + Time Deposits of public with banks (Broad Money)
M4 = M3 + All deposits with post office savings banks

5. Match the following pairs (Term – Definitions), using correct code:



1. Deflation

A. Reduction in the rate of inflation

2. Disinflation

B. General fall in the level of prices

3. Stagflation

C. Combination of inflation and rising unemployment due to recession

4. Reflation

D. Attempt to raise the prices to counteract the deflationary prices

[A] 1-A, 2-B, 3-C, 4-D
[B] 1-B, 2-A, 3-C, 4-D
[C] 1-B, 2-A, 3-D, 4-C
[D] 1-A, 2-B, 3-D, 4-C

Correct Answer: [B] 1-B, 2-A, 3-C, 4-D
Explanation: Deflation – General fall in the level of prices; Disinflation – Reduction in the rate of inflation; Stagflation – Combination of inflation and rising unemployment due to recession; and Reflation – Attempt to raise the prices to counteract the deflationary prices.

6. GDP deflator is used to:

[A] Measure the relative reduction in GDP growth rate of a country
[B] Measure the inflation in a country
[C] Compare the GDP of a country vis a vis other countries of the world
[D] Estimate the purchasing power of the citizen of a country

Correct Answer: [B] Measure the inflation in a country
Explanation: GDP deflator is an economic metric that accounts for inflation by converting output measured at current prices into constant-collar GDP. The GDP deflator shows how much a change in the base year’s GDP relies upon changes in the price level.

7. The standard of living in a country is represented by its

[A] Poverty ratio
[B] National Income
[C] Per Capita Income
[D] Gross domestic product growth rate

Correct Answer: [C] Per Capita Income
Explanation: The standard of living in a country is represented by its Per Capita Income. This is a nation’s gross domestic product divided by its population. The GDP is the total output of goods and services produced in a year by everyone within the country’s borders.

Which of these are not Fold Mountains?
1. Aravali Mountains
2. Himalayas
3. Satpura Range
4. Vindhyan Mountains

[A] 1 and 2 only
[B] 1 and 3 only
[C] 3 and 4 only
[D] 1, 3 and 4 only

Correct Answer: [C] 3 and 4 only
Explanation: Satpura and Vindhya found in the central-western part of the Indian sub continent are Block Mountains. They have formed through cracks in the earth’s crust and rose while certain blocks of earth depressed.
Aravali Mountains and Himalayas are Fold Mountains formed by warping of earth’s crust. Aravallis are oldest, while Himalays are one of the youngest Fold Mountains.

9. What is often referred to as the ‘Third Pole’?

[A] The Hindu Kush-Himalayan region
[B] Polynesia
[C] Alps mountain ranges
[D] Southern hill ranges in India

Correct Answer: [A] The Hindu Kush-Himalayan region
Explanation: The Hindu Kush-Himalayan region spans an area of more than 4.3 million square kilometres in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan. The region stores more snow and ice than anywhere else in the world outside the Polar Regions, giving its name ‘The Third Pole’.
The Third Pole contains the world’s highest mountains, including all 14 peaks above 8000 metres, is the source of 10 major rivers.

10. The core of the Great Himalayas is made up of

[A] Limestone
[B] Basalt rock
[C] Granite rock
[D] Sandstone

Correct Answer: [C] Granite rock

11. On the north and north-eastern sides, India is largely bounded by

[A] Block mountains
[B] Fold mountains
[C] Volcanic mountains
[D] Plateau dome mountains

Correct Answer: [B] Fold mountains
Explanation: The Himalayas, youngest fold mountain stretches across around 2900 km of India, Pakistan, china and Nepal borders. It covers most of the Northern and North-east boundaries of India.

12. India’s only live volcano can be found in

[A] Lakshadweep
[B] Sundarbans
[C] Andaman and Nicobar Island
[D] Gulf of Kutch

Correct Answer: [C] Andaman and Nicobar Island
Explanation: India’s only active volcanoes are located in Barren island of Andaman, which is also the only confirmed active volcano in South Asia.

13. Which state touches maximum number of states in India?

[A] Madhya Pradesh
[B] Rajasthan
[C] Bihar
[D] Uttar Pradesh

Correct Answer: [D] Uttar Pradesh
Explanation: Uttar Pradesh share borders with 9 different states. Neighbouring States of Uttar Pradesh – Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh in northwest, Delhi, Haryana and Rajasthan in west, Madhya Pradesh in south, Chhattisgarh in southeast, Bihar and Jharkhand in east.

14. Match the following list-I and List-II, using code

List – IList – II
1. Isohelsa. Imaginary lines on a map passing through places of same duration of sunshine.
2. Isohypseb. Imaginary lines passing through places having the same height from the sea level.
3. Isohytesc. Lines joining the places on the earth’s surface having equal rainfall.
4. Isonephsd. Imaginary lines passing through places having same mean cloudiness over a certain period.
[A] 1-a, 2-b, 3-d, 4-c
[B] 1-b, 2-a, 3-d, 4-c
[C] 1-a, 2-b, 3-c, 4-d
[D] 1-a, 2-c, 3-b, 4-d

Correct Answer: [C] 1-a, 2-b, 3-c, 4-d
Explanation: Important map lines which are frequently asked various exams
1. Isopleth – A line drawn on a map through all points having the same numerical value, as of a population figure or geographic measurement.
2. Isohyet – A line drawn on a map connecting points having the same amount of rainfall in a given period.
3. Isobar – A line drawn on a map connecting points having the same atmospheric pressure at a given time.
4. Isobath – A line drawn on a map connecting all points of equal depth below the surface of a body of water.
5. Isohaline – A line drawn on a map connecting all points of equal salinity in the ocean.
6. Isotherm – A line drawn on a map connecting points having the same temperature at a given time.
7. Isohel – A line drawn on a map connecting points having the same duration of sunshine.
8. Isohume – A line drawn on a map connecting points of equal relative humidity.
9. Isoneph – It is a line representing points of equal amounts of cloud cover.
10. Isopectic – A line drawn on a map connecting points at which ice begins to form at the same time of winter
11. Isotach – A line drawn on a map or chart connecting points of equal wind speed.
12. Isogeotherm – An imaginary line connecting all points within the earth having the same mean temperature.

15.Which of the following Physical divisions is made of lava?

[A] The Great plain
[B] Himalayan Mountain
[C] The Deccan trap
[D] Coastal regions

Correct Answer: [C] The Deccan trap
Explanation: The Deccan Plateau is made up of lava flows or igneous rocks known as the Deccan Traps.

16. Which of the following two countries have officially quit UNESCO in January 2019?

[A] United State and Qatar
[B] Iran and Qatar
[C] United State and Israel
[D] Iran and Israel

Current Affairs January 2019

Correct Answer: [C] United State and Israel

17. What is the theme of the 106th edition of Indian Science Congress 2019?

[A] Reaching the Unreached through Science and Technology
[B] Science and Technology for Human Development
[C] Future India: Science & Technology
[D] Innovations in Science & Technology

Current Affairs January 2019

Correct Answer: [C] Future India: Science & Technology

18. Which of the following states is set to become the first Indian state to roll out Universal Basic Income (UBI)?

[A] Maharashtra
[B] Punjab
[C] Sikkim
[D] Andhra Pradesh

Current Affairs January 2019

Correct Answer: [C] Sikkim

19. Which state government has launched ‘One Family, One Job’ scheme in January 2019? 

[A] Maharashtra
[B] Punjab
[C] Sikkim
[D] Andhra Pradesh

Current Affairs January 2019

Correct Answer: [C] Sikkim

20. Which personality has been chosen for the Gandhi Peace Prize 2018? 

[A] Coretta Scott King
[B] Akshaya Patra
[C] Yohei Sasakawa
[D] Chandi Prasad Bhatt

Current Affairs January 2019

Correct Answer: [C] Yohei  Sasakawa 

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