WBCS Prelims Daily GS Quiz

West Bengal Civil Service Preliminary Exam Quiz – 18


The following quiz will have 20 General Studies Multiple Chose Questions for West Bengal Civil Service preliminary exam and also helpful other competitive exams like State PSC (BPSC, JPSC, MPSC, OPSC, RPSC, PPSC, UPPSC etc.) exams, UPSC (CDS and NDA), Railway Recruitment Board (RRB) exams, Staff Selection Commission exams (CGL, CHSL and MTS) and other competitive exams.
Hope this quiz will be helpful to you all!

1. Most parts of India do not get rainfall in the winter season, with some of the exceptions of

[A] Arunachal Pradesh and Assam
[B] Tamil Nadu Coast and South-east Kerala
[C] Western Uttar Pradesh and Haryana
[D] All of the above

Correct Answer: [D] All of the above
Explanation:Most parts of India do not have rainfall in the winter season. However, there are some exceptions to it:
(i) In northwestern India, some weak temperate cyclones from the Mediterranean sea cause rainfall in Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and western Uttar Pradesh.
(ii) Central parts of India and northern parts of southern Peninsula also get winter rainfall occasionally.
(iii) Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in the northeastern parts of India also have rains between 25 mm and 50 mm during these winter months
(iv) During October and November, northeast monsoon while crossing over the Bay of Bengal, picks up moisture and causes torrential rainfall over the Tamil Nadu coast, southern Andhra Pradesh, southeast Karnataka and southeast Kerala

2. Dhuandhar waterfalls is formed by river
[A] Tapi
[B] Mahanadi
[C] Narmada
[D] Krishna

Correct Answer: [C] Narmada
Explanation: The Dhuandhar Falls are located on Narmada River in Jabalpur district of Madhya Pradesh.

3. Which of the following statements in regard to the peninsular rivers of the Indian subcontinent is true?

[A] These flow through deep gorges
[B] Most of these are dependent on rainfall
[C] Meandering course is their chief characteristic
[D] These have perennial source of water supply

Correct Answer: [B] Most of these are dependent on rainfall

4. Which one of the following is the place of confluence of the Alaknanda and Bhagirathi Rivers?
[A] Vishnu Prayag
[B] Karan Prayag
[C] Deva Prayag
[D] Rudra Prayag

Correct Answer: [C] Deva Prayag
Explanation:The five confluences, known as the Panch Prayag, are all along the Alaknanda. They are, in downstream order-
1. Vishnuprayag, where the Dhauliganga joins the Alaknanda;
2. Nandprayag, where the Nandakini joins;
3. Karnaprayag, where the Pindar joins,
4. Rudraprayag, where the Mandakini joins;
5. Devprayag, where the Bhagirathi joins the Alaknanda to form the Ganges River proper.

5. Consider the following about east and west flowing rivers
1. East flowing rivers make deltas at their mouth whereas west flowing rivers enter the sea through estuaries.
2. East flowing rivers will not flow through very deep channels whereas west flowing rivers flow through deep channels.
3. Tributaries of east flowing rivers are comparatively large compared to west flowing rivers.
Select the correct statement/s:

[A] 1 and 2
[B] 2 and 3
[C] 1 and 3
[D] 1, 2 and 3

Correct Answer: [D] 1, 2 and 3

6. River Mahanadi flows through which of the below states?
[A] Odisha, Jharkhand and Maharashtra.
[B] Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal
[C] Chhattisgarh and Odisha
[D] Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and West Bengal

Correct Answer: [C] Chhattisgarh and Odisha
Explanation: The Mahanadi is a major river in East Central India. It drains an area of around 141,600 km² and has a total course of 858 km. The river flows through the states of Chhattisgarh and Odisha. It originates from the highlands of Chhattisgarh through collection of an array of streams and reaches Bay of Bengal.

7. Sundarbans delta is formed by which of the following rivers?
[A] Ganges and Yamuna
[B] Yamuna and Brahmaputra
[C] Brahmaputra and Meghna
[D] Ganges and Brahmaputra

Correct Answer: [D] Ganges and Brahmaputra
Explanation: The Sundarbans mangrove forest, one of the largest such forests in the world (140,000 ha), lies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal.

8. Polavaram Project is a multi-purpose irrigation project which has been accorded national project status by the central government. It is being built across which of the following rivers?

[A] Krishna
[B] Godavari
[C] Cauvery
[D] Mahanadi

Correct Answer: [B] Godavari
Explanation: This dam across the Godavari River is under construction located in West Godavari District and East Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh state and its reservoir spreads in parts of Chhattisgarh and Orissa States also.

9. Which of the following states has the highest indirect tax base under GST?
[A] Maharashtra
[B] Madhya Pardesh
[C] Uttar Pardesh
[D] Tamil Nadu

Correct Answer: [A] Maharashtra 
Explanation: In the run-up to the GST, there was anxiety amongst the manufacturing states that the switch to a destination and consumption-based tax would transfer the tax base toward consuming states. State-wise share of the total GST base suggests that the top states are Maharashtra (16 percent), Tamil Nadu (10 percent), Karnataka (9 percent), Uttar Pradesh (7 percent), and Gujarat (6 percent). So the biggest tax bases still seem to be in the biggest producing states. It is true that the share of Maharashtra’s and Gujarat’s tax base under the GST is lower than their share of manufacturing. But because these two states also have a significant presence in services, their tax base share remains in line with their share of GSDP.

10. Which state accounts for the largest share in India’s exports?
[A] Gujarat
[B] Maharashtra
[C] Tamil Nadu
[D] Karnataka

Correct Answer: [B] Maharashtra
Explanation: Five states—Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana—in that order account for 70% of India’s exports.

11. Mixed Economy’ was envisaged for the first time in the:
[A] Preamble of the 1950 Constitution
[B] First Five Year Plan
[C] Bombay Plan
[D] The Industrial policy of 1948

Correct Answer: [C] Bombay Plan

12. Major part of tax revenue in India comes from
[A] Direct taxes
[B] Indirect taxes
[C] Both Direct and Indirect taxes have equal share
[D] None of above

Correct Answer: [A] Direct taxes
Explanation:As per Budget 2019-20 source of revenues:
1. Corporate Tax – 21%
2. Borrowings and other liabilities – 20%
3. GST – 19%
4. Income Tax – 16%
5. Non tax revenue – 9%
6. Union excise duties – 8%
7. Customs – 4%
8. Non debt capital receipts – 3%

13. Which among the following was/were the reasons for the 1991 Financial Crisis faced in India?
[A] Higher Government Expenditure
[B] Higher rate of Inflation
[C] Decrease in Forex Reserves
[D] All of the above

Correct Answer: [D] All of the above
Explanation: In 1991, India met with an economic crisis relating to its external debt wherein, the government was not able to make repayment on its external loans. Some of the reasons for the economic crisis of 1991 are:
Inflation: India faced a higher rate of inflation of around 17% due to increase in the money supply in the economy.
Rise in Fiscal Deficit: The Fiscal Deficit in India increased due to higher expenditure of the government on the non-development expenditure.
Adverse Balance of Payment: There was decrease in the Forex reserves in India due to higher imports and lower exports.
Iraq war: The war led to increase in the international crude oil prices leading to higher imports

14. Which types of tax helps in reducing disparities of income?
[A] Proportionate tax
[B] Progressive tax
[C] Regressive tax
[D] All of the above

Correct Answer: [B] Progressive tax
Explanation: A progressive tax is a tax in which the tax rate increases as the taxable amount increases. This type taxes is the rich people pay more taxes as they have greater ability to pay. Rich people are taxed at a higher rate than the poor because the ability to pay of the former increases as their incomes rise.
Regressive tax is a tax imposed in such a manner that the tax rate decreases as the amount subject to taxation increases.
A proportional tax is a tax imposed so that the tax rate is fixed, with no change as the taxable base amount increases or decreases.

15. India’s internal trade is 60% of its total trade. Which state has the largest trade surplus in inter-state trade?
[A] West Bengal
[B] Maharashtra
[C] Gujarat
[D] Andhra Pradesh

Correct Answer: [C] Gujarat
Explanation: The five largest exporting states are Maharashtra, Gujarat, Haryana, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka
The five largest importing states are Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Gujarat.
The states with the largest internal trade surpluses are Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra, Odisha and Tamil Nadu

16. Which country has unveiled the world’s first nationwide 5G mobile networks in April 2019?
[A] China
[B] Singapore
[C] Japan
[D] South Korea

Current Affairs April 2019

Correct Answer: [D] South Korea

17. Over which following river the Indian Army does constructed longest suspension bridge named ‘Maitri’?
[A] Brahmaputra
[B] Yamuna
[C] Indus
[D] Teesta

Current Affairs April 2019

Correct Answer: [C] Indus

18. Where was the National Cardiology Conference held in April 2019?
[A] Kolkata
[B] Bengaluru
[C] Mumbai
[D] Lucknow

Current Affairs April 2019

Correct Answer: [D] Lucknow

19. Average annual rate of Indian population grew between 2010 and 2019, as per the United Nations Population Fund
[A] 1.3%
[B] 1.4%
[C] 1.2%
[D] 1.5%

Current Affairs April 2019

Correct Answer: [C] 1.2%

20. Which city became the most polluted city in the world as per the WHO report titled “Political Leaders Position and Action on Air Quality in India 2014-2019”?
[A] Patna
[B] Lucknow
[C] Kanpur
[D] Gurugram

Current Affairs April 2019

Correct Answer: [C] Kanpur

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