WBCS Prelims 2018 Indian Polity Question and Solution


   In West Bengal Civil Service (WBCS) Preliminary Examination 2018, total of 8 questions was asked from Indian Polity.

1. In the classification of power in the Constitution of India, education falls under

[A] Central list
[B] State list
[C] Concurrent list
[D] None of the above

Correct Answer

Correct Answer: [C]  Concurrent list
Explanation: The Constitution of India under the Seventh Schedule has provided for a division of powers between the Central and state governments: 1. Union list(97 subjects), 2. State list (66 subject) and 3. Concurrent list (47 subjects).
The Union List has a range of subjects under which the Parliament may make laws. This includes defence, foreign affairs, railways, banking etc.
The State List lists subjects under which the legislature of a state may make laws. Public order, police, public health and sanitation; hospitals and dispensaries, betting and gambling etc.
The Concurrent List includes subjects that give powers to both the Centre and state governments. Subjects like Education including technical education, medical education and universities, population control and family planning, criminal law, prevention of cruelty to animals, protection of wildlife and animals, forests etc.
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2. The constitution of India was adopted on

[A] January 26, 1950
[B] January 26, 1949
[C] November 26, 1949
[D] December 31, 1949

Correct Answer

Correct Answer: [C]  November 26, 1949
Explanation: The Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949 and came into force on 26th January, 1950.

3. Which one of the following offices has not been provided by the Indian Constitution?

[A] Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha
[B] Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
[C] Deputy Speaker of State Legislative Assembly
[D] Deputy Prime Minister

Correct Answer

Correct Answer: [D] Deputy Prime Minister
Explanation: The offices of deputy chief minister or deputy prime minister has not been provided by the Indian Constitution.

4. Which article of the Constitution of India describes the organization of village panchayats

[A] Article 40
[B] Article 41
[C] Article 42
[D] Article 43

Correct Answer

Correct Answer: [A]  Article 40
Explanation: Article 40: Organisation of Village Panchayats
Article 41: Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases
Article 42: Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief
Article 43: Living wage, etc., for workers

5. The Supreme Court held, that forcing a person to undergo polygraph, brain mapping and narco analysis tests, as violative of

[A] Article 25
[B] Article 20
[C] Article 21 and article 20(3)
[D] Article 360

Correct Answer

Correct Answer: [C]  Article 21 and article 20(3)

6. Which Amendment of the constitution provided constitutional status to the Panchayats?

[A] 56th Amendment
[B] 73rd Amendment
[C] 74th Amendment
[D] 76th Amendment

Correct Answer

Correct Answer:  [B]  73rd Amendment
Explanation: The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act was passed by the Parliament in 1993. The Amendment provided a Constitutional status to the Panchayati Raj Institutions in India through insertion of Article 243 to Part IX of Indian Constitution.

7. Ombudsman institution was originated in

[A] Denmark
[B] Switzerland
[C] Sweden
[D] France

Correct Answer

Correct Answer: [C] Sweden
Explanation: The concept of Ombudsman at first originated in Sweden, a Scandinavian state, in 1809.
In India the ombudsman is known as lokpal or lokayukata.The concept of constitutional ombudsman was first proposed by the then law minister Ashok Kumar Sen in parliament in the early 1960s.The term lokpal and lokayukta were coined by Dr.L.M.Singhvi.

8. Sikkim became a full- fledged state of India in

[A] 1985
[B] 1975
[C] 1965
[D] 1875

Correct Answer

Correct Answer: [B] 1975
Explanation: Sikkim became a full- fledged state of India in 1975 by the 36th Constitutional Amendment Act.

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