WBCS Prelims 2017 Geography (India and West Bengal) Question and Solution



  In West Bengal Civil Service (WBCS) Preliminary Examination 2017, total of 25 questions was asked from Geography in between 17 questions from Indian Geography and 8 questions from West Bengal Geography

1. The Western Ghats is an important mountain system of the west coast of India. The word ‘Ghat’ means

[A]  Port 

[B]  Stair

[C]  Thrust 

[D] Gap or pass

Correct Answer: [B]  Stair

2. Name of the capital of the newly formed state of Andhra Pradesh is

[A]  Amaravati  

[B]  Secunderabad  

[C]  Hyderabad    

[D] Vishakhapatnam

Correct Answer: [A]  Amaravati  

3. Pollavaram Project is associated with the river

[A]  Cauvery 

[B]  Penner 

[C]  Krishna  

[D] Godavari

Correct Answer: [D] Godavari

4. Which, one of the following is not an administrative division of West Bengal?

[A]  Jalpaiguri   

[B]  Malda   

[C]  Kolkata  

[D] Bardhaman

Correct Answer: [C]  Kolkata  

5. In West Bengal ‘Rarh’ is a physiographic region, part of which can be found in the district of

[A]  Coochbehar

[B]  Nadia

[C]  Paschim Medinipur        

[D] South 24 Parganas

Correct Answer: [C]  Paschim Medinipur        

6.Drought is occasionally experienced in the pla­teau region of West Bengal because of
[A]  Lateritic soil      

[B]  Extremely low rainfall      

[C]  Excessive evapotranspiration      

[D] Inefficient water management

Correct Answer: [C]  Excessive evapotranspiration      

7. Which one of the following is not mined in the delta region of West Bengal?

[A]  Natural gas        

[B]  Clay  

[C]  Sand  

[D] Groundwater

Correct Answer: [A]  Natural gas        

8. ‘Toto’ is a primitive tribal community found in the state of
[A]  Arunachal Pradesh        

[B]  Odisha  

[C]  West Bengal        

[D] Tamil Nadu

Correct Answer: [C]  West Bengal        

9. What was the primary objective of construction of the Farakka Barrage?

[A]  Flood control in the lower Bengal

[B] Augmentation of water supply in the Hugli river

[C]  Generation of electricity for West Bengal

[D] Inland water transport in Bihar

Correct Answer: [B] Augmentation of water supply in the Hugli river

10. Which district of West Bengal has achieved the highest level of Human Development Index in the state?

[A]  Kolkata  

[B]  Purba Medinipur        

[C]  Bardhaman 

[D] North 24 Parganas

Correct Answer: [A]  Kolkata  

11. India’s share of total land area in the world is about

[A]  2.4 per cent        

[B]  2.8 per cent         

[C]  3.2 per cent      

[D] 3.6 per cent

Correct Answer: [A]  2.4 per cent        

12. In terms of longitude the easternmost state of India is

[A]  Mizoram

[B]  Manipur  

[C]  Nagaland 

[D] Arunachal Pradesh

Correct Answer: [D] Arunachal Pradesh

13. The summer monsoon normally arrives in the South Bengal during

[A]  1— 5 June       

[B]  5 —10 June        

[B]  10 —15 June       

[D] 15 —20 June

Correct Answer: [B]  5 —10 June        

14. Which state of India experiences the maximum annual variation of rainfall?

[A]  Meghalaya

[B]  Kerala 

[C]  Rajasthan 

[D] West Bengal

Correct Answer: [[C]  Rajasthan 

15. In India the maximum area is covered by the
[A]  Lateritic soils        

[B]  Red soils        

[C]  Black soils       

[D] Alluvial soils

Correct Answer: [D] Alluvial soils

16. ‘Shifting cultivation’ is not practiced in which one of the following states?
[A]  Assam

[B]  West Bengal         

[C]  Odisha 

[D] Andhra Pradesh

Correct Answer: [B]  West Bengal         

17. Which one of the following crops witnessed the maximum rate of increase of production due to the Green

[A]  Wheat

[B]  Rice

[C]  Oil seeds

[D] Maiza

Correct Answer: [A]  Wheat

18. In terms of value of agricultural production the most important cash crop in India is

[A]  Cotton    

[B]  Oil seeds         

[C]  Sugarcane  

[D] Tobacco

Correct Answer: [A]  Cotton    

19. In India petroleum oil was first discovered in

[A]  Surma Valley        

[B]  Digboi

[C]  Rudrasagar 

[D] Nahorkatia

Correct Answer: [B]  Digboi

20. Which state of India has the largest installation of wind power?
[A]  Gujarat

[B]  Maharashtra

[C]  Karnataka

[D] Tamil Nadu

Correct Answer: [D] Tamil Nadu

21. Bhilai in the state of Chattishgarh is famous for the industry of

[A]  Cotton textile       

[B]  Fertilizer

[C]  Iron and Steel        

[D] Aluminium

Correct Answer: [C]  Iron and Steel        

22. Which one of the following sea ports has natural harbor?

[A]  Chennai

[B]  Vishakhapatnam

[C]  Haldia

[D] New Tuticorin

Correct Answer: [B]  Vishakhapatnam

23. In terms of area and population the largest urban agglomeration in India is

[A]  Mumbai

[B]  Delhi

[C]  Kolkata

[D] Chennai

Correct Answer: [A]  Mumbai

24. The Damodur Valley Corporation (DVC) is

[A]  A central government organization of India

[B]  A state government organization of West Bengal

[C]  A government organization represented by both the central (India) and the state governments of West Bengal and Jharkhand

[D] An organization of the state governments of West Bengal and Jharkhand

Correct Answer: [A]  A central government organization of India

25. As per Census of 2011 the share of population below the age of 35 years in India is

[A]  50 per cent        

[B]  55 per cent        

[C]  60 per cent        

[D] 65 per cent        

Correct Answer: [D] 65 per cent        

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