WBCS Main Paper V (Constitution of India and Indian Economy) Preparation Strategy, Micro Syllabus and Previous Papers


West Bengal Public Service Commission sets the West Bengal Civil Service exam syllabus. There are three tiers in the examination – (1) Preliminary, (2) Main and (3) Interview.
The WBCS Main Examination shall consist of six Compulsory papers and one optional subject consisting of two papers (Only for candidates applying for group A and / or B) to be chosen by the candidates from the list of optional subjects given below. There will be two papers of the optional subject of 200 marks each. Each paper, Compulsory or Optional, will carry 200 marks and will be of 3 hours duration.
Out of six compulsory papers four papers i.e. (i) General Studies- I, (ii) General Studies- II, (iii) The Constitution of India and Indian Economy including role and functions of Reserve Bank of India and (iv) Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning will be of MCQ Type to be answered in OMR answer sheets and remaining two compulsory papers i.e. Paper – I and Paper – II will be of conventional type written examination.

In this article, candidates will understand the WBCS Main PAPER V (The Constitution of India and Indian Economy including role and functions of Reserve Bank of India) detailed micro syllabus, important books, and previous year question papers


(i) The Constitution of India 100
(ii) Indian Economy including role and functions of Reserve Bank of India 100


  • Constitutional Framework
  • Historical Background – Company Rules (1773-1858) and Crown Rules (1858-1947)
  • Making of the Constitution
  • Salient Features of the Constitution
  • The preamble of the Constitution
  • Union and its Territory (Article 1-4)
  • Citizenship (Article 5-11)
  • Fundamental Rights (Article 12-35)
  • Directive Principles of State Policy (Article 36-51)
  • Fundamental Duties (Article 51A)
  • Amendment of the Constitution (Article 368)
  • System of Government
  • Parliamentary System
  • Federal System
  • Centre-State Relations (Articles 245-263 and 268-293)
  • Inter-State Relations
  • Emergency Provisions (Articles 352-360)
  • Special Status of Jammu & Kashmir (Artice 370)
  • Special Provisions for Some States (Artice 371)
  • Central Government
  • President
  • Vice-president
  • Prime Minister
  • Constitutional Provisions
  • Parliament
  • Supreme Court
  • Judicial Review
  • Judicial Activism
  • Public Interest Litigation
  • State Government
  • Governor
  • Chief Minister
  • State Council of Ministers
  • State Legislature
  • High Court
  • Subordinate Courts
  • Local Government
  • Panchayati Raj
  • Urban Local Governments
  • Union Territories and Special Areas
  • Union Territories
  • Scheduled and Tribal Areas
  • Constitutional Bodies
  • Election Commission
  • Union Public Service Commission
  • State Public Service Commission
  • Finance Commission
  • Goods and Services Tax Council
  • National Commission for SCs
  • National Commission for STs
  • National Commission for BCs
  • Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities
  • Comptroller and Auditor General of India
  • Attorney General and Solicitor General of India
  • Advocate General of the State
  • Non-Constitutional Bodies
  • Planning Commission
  • NITI Aayog
  • National Development Council
  • National Human Rights Commission
  • State Human Rights Commission
  • Central Vigilance Commission
  • Central Information Commission
  • Central Bureau of Investigation
  • State Information Commission
  • Lokpal and Lokayuktas
  • National Investigation Agency
  • National Disaster Management Authority
  • Other Constitutional Dimensions
  • Co-operative Societies
  • Official Language
  • Public Services
  • Tribunals
  • Special Provisions for SCs, STs, BCs, Minorities and Anglo-Indian
  • Rights and Liabilities of the Government
  • Authoritative Text in Hindi Language
  • Anti-Defection Law
  • Political Dynamics
  • Political Parties
  • Role of Regional Parties
  • Elections
  • Election Law and Reforms
  • Pressure Groups
  • National Integration
  • Foreign Policy
  • Working of the Constitution
  • National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution


  • Basic Concepts
  • Role of the State in an Economy
  • Sectors of an Economy – Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Quaternary, and Quinary
  • Capitalist, State, Mixed Economic System 
  • Factors Responsible for the Location of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sector Industries in Various Parts
  • Macro economics – Poverty, Growth, Employment etc
  • Micro economics – decisions made at a company, household or an individual level
  • Growth & Development
  • Concepts of Poverty – BPL, Poverty Gap, Poverty estimates etc
  • Different Committees set-up to measure poverty – Suresh Tendulkar Committee, Rangarajan Committee etc
  • Inequality and releted terms – Gini co-efficient , Lorenz Curve; concepts like relative inequality, absolute inequality.
  • Issues with employment, different types of unemployment like disguised unemployment, underemployment etc; Globalization and its impact on labour.
  • Demographic Dividend, Skill Development
  • Development Indicators from International organisations like HDI, MPI (Multiple Poverty Index), Millennium Development Goals etc.
  • Primary Sector
  • Land reforms
  • Green revolution
  • Others Revolution – White, Pink, etc
  • Cropping Patterns
  • Agriculture Marketing
  • Food Management
  • PDS and Food Subsidy
  • Food Processing and Related Industries in India.
  • Secondary Sector
  • Industrial Policies up to 1986
  • New Industrial Policy, 1991
  • MSME Sector
  • Index of Industrial Production
  • Make In India Initiative
  • Start-up India
  • Indian Infrastructure
  • Tertiary Sector
  • Services Performance of India
  • FDI in the Service Sector
  • Economic planning in India
  • Economic Planning before Independence – National Planning Committee, Visvesvarayya Plan, Bombay Plan, etc.
  • Evolution of Indian Planning – From Planning Commission To NITI Aayog
  • 1st Five Year Plan to 12th Five Year Plan – Objective, Special emphasis, Growth rate, and major development
  • NITI Aayog: The new ‘think-tank’ to replace Planning Commission
  • Fiscal Policy
  • Definition, component
  • Receipts – Capital Receipts and Revenue Receipts
  • Revenue Account and Capital Account
  • Revenue- Tax and Non-Tax,
  • Tax Revenue includes Direct and Indirect Taxes
  • GST
  • Expenditure –Planned and Non-Planned
  • Budget –Type, process (preparation ) and legislative process
  • National Income Accounting
  • Gross National Product (GNP)
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
  • Gross National Income (GNI)
  • Factor cost, Market Price, 
  • Purchasing power parity(PPP), 
  • Per-Capita Income (PCI) – a general understanding on how they are calculated and what all factors go into their calculation
  • Inflation and Business Cycle
  • Inflation, Depression, Recession and related terms and concepts like deflation, disinflation, reflation, stagflation, Philip’s curve
  • Types of Inflation – based on the rate of growth of the prices– creeping, trotting, galloping, hyper-inflation
  • Types of Inflation – based on the causes– Demand-pull, Cost-push, Structural, Speculation.
  • Inflation measurements like CPI, WPI, GDP deflator
  • Base year from which it’s calculated
  • Role of Government and RBI in controlling inflation
  • Financial Market 
  • Money and Banking Systems
  • Money Market and Capital Market
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India
  • Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority
  • Role and Functions of RBI
  • Monetary Policy and measures – Bank rate, Repo rate, Reverse repo rate, Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR), Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF), Marginal Standing Facility (MSF)
  • Different types of Banks and their functioning– Commercial Banks, RRB’s, Development banks, NABARD, Co-operative Banks, Development Banks, Merchant Banks, Non-Banking Financial Company’s (NBFC’s), Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), etc.
  • Banking reforms – Bank Nationalisation, Basel Norms, Narasimham Committee, etc.
  • Steps were taken by the government with regard to Financial Inclusion – Jan Dan Yojana, Micro-finance, Mudra Bank, etc
  • Understand Key-Terms– Financial Inclusion, Fiscal Consolidation, Narrow Banking, Non-Performing Assets, Shadow Banks, Weak Bank, Core Banking, Bank Run, Priority Sector lending, Capital to Risk-Weighted Assets (CRAR), etc., and other related concepts related to Banking – what steps have been taken by the Government and RBI in this regard.
  • Recent Committee’s set up with regard to Banking Reforms and its important recommendations
  • Government Schemes
  • Community Development Programme 
  • Twenty Point Programme
  • Major Government schemes since Independence
  • Recent State Government and Central Government schemes
  • World Economy
  • Trade Facilitation Agreement & Treaty and Indian Stand
  • International organizations (WTO, G-20, G-8, ADB, World Bank)
  • Recent Economic update
  • Economy Current Affairs


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