WBCS Main Paper III (History and Geography) Preparation Strategy, Micro Syllabus and Previous Papers


West Bengal Public Service Commission sets the West Bengal Civil Service exam syllabus. There are three tiers in the examination – (1) Preliminary, (2) Main and (3) Interview.
The WBCS Main Examination shall consist of six Compulsory papers and one optional subject consisting of two papers (Only for candidates applying for group A and / or B) to be chosen by the candidates from the list of optional subjects given below. There will be two papers of the optional subject of 200 marks each. Each paper, Compulsory or Optional, will carry 200 marks and will be of 3 hours duration.
Out of six compulsory papers four papers i.e. (i) General Studies- I, (ii) General Studies- II, (iii) The Constitution of India and Indian Economy including role and functions of Reserve Bank of India and (iv) Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning will be of MCQ Type to be answered in OMR answer sheets and remaining two compulsory papers i.e. Paper – I and Paper – II will be of conventional type written examination.

In this article, candidates will understand the WBCS Main PAPER III – General Studies I (Indian History with special emphasis on National Movement and Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal) detailed micro syllabus, important books, and previous year question papers.


(i) Indian History with special emphasis on National Movement 100
(ii) Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal 100


  • Socio, economic, political events during Ancient India
  • Indus Valley civilization – Sites and Archaeological evidence, Social Life, Artefacts and excavations like Finding at Kalibangan, Lothal, Harappa and Mohenjodaro, etc.
  • Vedic Period – Philosophers, Society, Varna System
  • Jainism and Buddhism -Personal History and Ideas and Philosophy, Councils, Sects
  • Mauryan Dynasty and Important edicts
  • Gupta dynasty – Society and Economy
  • Literary Accounts of Foreign Travellers – FaHein, Ibn Batuta, etc
  • Post Gupta period – Time of Harsha and Feudal system
  • Socio, economic, political events during the Medieval period
  • South Indian History – Sangam Age, Satavahanas, Chola’s and Pallavas art and architecture
  • Tripartite struggle – the Pratihara Empire, the Pala Empire, and the Rashtrakuta Empire.
  • Delhi Sultanate – Slave dynasty, Khilji dynasty, Tughlaq dynasty, Sayyid dynasty, and Lodhi dynasty
  • Mughals Genealogy and Important developments – Educational reforms, Religious reforms, Tax reforms, Art and Architecture
  • Marathas – Chronology, Wars, and Ashtapradhans
  • Vijaynagar and Bahamani – Rulers and Capitals and Temples
  • Sikhism – Gurus, Texts, wars
  • Bhakti and Sufi Movement
  • The advent of the Europeans – Base, Factories, Carnatic Wars
  • Indian National Movement
  • Development of Independent India
  • Before 1857 – Acts and Policies
  • Crown Rule – Acts after 1857 – Council Acts, Government of India Acts – Key features
  • Governor Generals and Viceroy- Tenure, and work.
  • Socio-Religious, Caste, and Bhakti-Sufi movements
  • Tribal, Peasant and Trade Union Movement
  • Social reformers/Personalities associated with various movements – Swami Vivekananda, Raja Rammohan Roy etc.
  • Moderate, Extremist Phase, Gandhian Phase
  • Indian National Congress – Session locations, Presidents and Important output.
  • Freedom Struggle – Slogans, Eminent personalities
  • Political organizations other than the Indian National Congress ex. Ghadar Party, Azad Hind Fauj, RSS, etc.
  • Poona Pact, Lucknow Pact, Surat Split, Nehru Report, Simon Commission, Gandhi Irwin Pact, Sarvoday Plan
  • Post-Independence India
  • India after Independence
  • Integration of Princely States
  • Tribal Integration in India
  • Popular Movements Post Independence
  • Contemporary Political Developments


  • Physical Geography of India
  • The Northern Mountains
  • The Great Plains
  • The Peninsular Uplands
  • The Indian Coasts and Islands
  • Hill Ranges, Passes, etc.
  • Drainage
  • Himalayan Rivers, Indus River System, Ganga River System, Brahmaputra River System, The Peninsular River System
  • The East flowing Rivers and West Flowing Rivers
  • Mains Rivers and their tributaries
  • Rivers Confluence, River Project, Dams and Canal etc.
  • Landforms and Soil
  • Minerals and Rocks
  • Geomorphic Processes, Volcanism, Earthquakes
  • Landforms-Desert, Limestone, Lakes, Coastal, Islands and Coral Reefs
  • Acidity of Soil, Types of Soil
  • Major Soil groups in India
  • Soil Texture and Erosion etc
  • Climatology
  • Natural Vegetation
  • Composition and Structure of Atmosphere
  • Monsoon and Seasons etc
  • Western Disturbances, El Nino, La-Nina and Southern Oscillations etc
  • Kaal Baisakhi or Bordoisila, Cherry Blossom or Coffee Shower, Mango showers, etc.
  • Tropical Moist Deciduous, Tropical Dry Deciduous, Tropical Wet Evergreen, Sub-Tropical Moist Hill, and Tropical Semi-Evergreen
  • Agriculture, Industries, Trade, Transport and Communication
  • Minerals and Energy Resources
  • Land Resources and Agriculture – Land utilization, Types of farming, Cropping and Irrigation, Types of crops and Policies
  • Industries – Agro-based, Iron, Steel, and Tea-Coffee etc.
  • Government Policies associated with Industries
  • Transport and Communication – Railways, Roads and Highways, National Waterways, Inland Waterways and Major and Minor Ports.
  • Minerals and Energy Resources – Renewable Energy, Nuclear Energy, Solar Energy, Wind Energy, India’s Power Scenario, Thermal Power Plants, Metallic and non-Metallic Minerals, Oil Refineries and Pipelines, Petroleum and Coal, Natural Gas, CNG, LPG etc, Various other sources of Energy
  • Population Geography
  • Census 2011 – Distribution, Composition, Literacy, sex ratio etc
  • Migration and its type
  • Natural Hazards and Disasters Management
  • Floods and droughts
  • Earthquakes and tsunami
  • Cyclones
  • Landslides
  • Geography of West Bengal
  • General profile of West Bengal – Location, Area, Boundary etc.
  • Physiographic divisions – The Northern Mountain Region, the Western Plateau Fringe, the Plains, the Northern Plains, the Southern Plains, Tarai Region, Rarh Region, the Sunderban Delta, and the Coastal Fringe
  • Soils, Climate and Natural Vegetation
  • The Drainage System – The Ganga System, the Bhagirathi- Hoogly System, the North –Bengal Rivers and the Western Bengal Rivers
  • Agriculture and Irrigation
  • Census 2011 – Population Size, Growth Rate, Density and Sex Ratio
  • Administrative and Political Geography


Ancient and Medieval India by Poonam Dalal Dahiya Buy from Amazon
A Brief History of Modern India by Spectrum Books Buy from Amazon
Modern Indian History by Sonali Bansal and Snehil Tripathi Buy from Amazon
Indian History by Krishna Reddy Buy from Amazon
Geography of India for CS Examination by Majid Husain Buy from Amazon
Competitive Exam – Geography by Kartik Chandra Mondal Buy from Amazon
10000+ Objective MCQs by Disha Experts Buy from Amazon
14000+ Objective Questions by Manohar Pandey Buy from Amazon
UPSC Civil Service Previous Questions Download
UGC NET/SET Previous Questions – Indian History Download
UGC NET/SET Previous Questions – Indian Geography Download
Exam Prostuti’s WBCS Main Test Series Learn more


Download WBCS Main 2019 Paper III History & Geography Click here
Download WBCS Main 2018 Paper III History & Geography Click here
Download WBCS Main 2017 Paper III History & Geography Click here
Download WBCS Main 2016 Paper III History & Geography Click here
Download WBCS Main 2015 Paper III History & Geography Click here
Download WBCS Main 2014 Paper III History & Geography Click here

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