Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was established under the Department of Atomic Energy in 1962 by the efforts of independent India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru and scientist Vikram Sarabhai recognizing the need in space research. INCOSPAR grew into ISRO in 1969 also under the Department of Atomic Energy. In 1972 Government of India setup a Space Commission and the Department of Space, bringing ISRO under the Department of Space. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is responsible for India’s Space Program. It is headquartered in Bangalore and is under the umbrella of the Department of Space.
Important Facts about ISRO
- ISRO was formed by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai on 15th August 1969.
- Dr Vikram A Sarabhai is considered as the founding father of space programmes in India.
- A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the director of India’s first Indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-3)
- The first Indian Satellite, Aryabhatta was named after an Indian astronomer and mathematician. Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi named the first Indian Satellite as Aryabhatta.
- ISRO’s Mars mission is the cheapest mission so far with just Rs. 450 Crores (Rs. 12/km).
- Rohini became the first satellite to be placed in orbit by an Indian-made launch vehicle, SLV-3 in 1980.
- Chandrayan – India’s first lunar mission launched in 2008.
- Antrix is the commercial wing of ISRO, a single window agency for marketing Indian space capabilities both products and services to the world.
- In February 2017, ISRO has created a new record by launching 104 satellites in one go. Out of these 104 satellites, only 3 of these were Indian Satellites. These were launched by Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) – C37 on 15th February 2017. Earlier, this record was set by Russia in 2014 by launching 37 satellites in a single mission. US Space Agency NASA has launched 29 satellites in one go.