Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was established under the Department of Atomic Energy in 1962 by the efforts of independent India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru and scientist Vikram Sarabhai recognizing the need in space research. INCOSPAR grew into ISRO in 1969 also under the Department of Atomic Energy. In 1972 Government of India setup a Space Commission and the Department of Space, bringing ISRO under the Department of Space. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is responsible for India’s Space Program. It is headquartered in Bangalore and is under the umbrella of the Department of Space.
Important Facts about ISRO
- ISRO was formed by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai on 15th August 1969.
- Dr Vikram A Sarabhai is considered as the founding father of space programmes in India.
- A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the director of India’s first Indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-3)
- The first Indian Satellite, Aryabhatta was named after an Indian astronomer and mathematician. Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi named the first Indian Satellite as Aryabhatta.
- ISRO’s Mars mission is the cheapest mission so far with just Rs. 450 Crores (Rs. 12/km).
- Rohini became the first satellite to be placed in orbit by an Indian-made launch vehicle, SLV-3 in 1980.
- Chandrayan – India’s first lunar mission launched in 2008.
- Antrix is the commercial wing of ISRO, a single window agency for marketing Indian space capabilities both products and services to the world.
- In February 2017, ISRO has created a new record by launching 104 satellites in one go. Out of these 104 satellites, only 3 of these were Indian Satellites. These were launched by Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) – C37 on 15th February 2017. Earlier, this record was set by Russia in 2014 by launching 37 satellites in a single mission. US Space Agency NASA has launched 29 satellites in one go.
Latest Satellite Launched by India
April 1, 2019
ISRO launches PSLV-C45 carrying DRDO Emisat and 28 other satellites
- ISRO successfully launched the electronic intelligence satellite EMISAT along with 28 nano satellites of global customers from Sriharikota.
- The 28 international customer satellites are from four countries, viz. Lithuania, Spain, Switzerland and USA.
February 6, 2019
India’s communication satellite GSAT-31 launched successfully from French Guiana
- GSAT-31 would be placed at Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit.
- GSAT-31 will provide DTH Television Services, connectivity to VSATs for ATM, Stock-exchange, Digital Satellite News Gathering (DSNG) and e-governance application.
- GSAT-31 will also be used for bulk data transfer for a host of emerging telecommunication applications.
January 24, 2019
ISRO successfully launches PSLV C44 carrying Kalamsat & Microsat R from the Sriharikota spaceport
- PSLV-C44 is the first mission of PSLV-DL and is a new variant of the PSLV.
- The PSLV is a four-stage launch vehicle with alternating solid and liquid stages.
- Kalamsat, a student payload, will be the first to use PS4 as an orbital platform. The payload was developed by students and SpaceKidz India.
- PSLV-C44 also carried Microsat-R, an imaging satellite.
December 19, 2018
Military Communication Satellite GSAT-7A successfully launched by ISRO from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh
- GSAT-7A weighing 2250 kg was launched using Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-F11).
- GSAT-7A satellite is the heaviest satellite (2250 kgs) with an indigenously developed cryogenic stage that has been launched by GSLV.
- “The cryogenic stage of this vehicle has been modified to increase the thrust rate. GSAT-7A is an advanced communication satellite with a Gregorian Antenna and many other new technologies.
December 5, 2018
India’s heaviest communication satellite GSAT-11 launched successfully from French Guiana
- GSAT-11 also called Big Bird has been indigenously developed by ISRO. It weigh 5854 kg making it heaviest Indian-made equipment that has been put into the orbit.
- It will provide high data rate connectivity to Indian mainland and islands users through 32 user beams in Ku-band and 8 hub beams in Ka-band.
- It is three to six times more powerful than any other ISRO’s satellite.
- will boost the broadband connectivity to rural and inaccessible gram panchayats in the country under Bharat Net Project, which is part of Digital India Pragramme.
November 29, 2018
PSLV-C43 launched successfully with HysIS and 30 foreign satellites from the launchpad at Sriharikota.
- HysIS is an earth observation satellite built around ISRO’s Mini Satellite 2 (IMS-2) bus weighing about 380 kg.
The life of the satellite is five years.
November 14, 2018
ISRO successfully launches communication satellite GSAT-29 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota
- Communication satellite GSTA-29 weighing 3,423 kg is a multi-band and multi-beam satellite. The mission life will be 10 years.
- GSLV MKIII is ISRO’s fifth generation three stage heavy lift launch vehicle.
- The launch vehicle is capable of placing satellites weighing 4000 kg in Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).
- GSLV MKIII will be used to launch Chandrayaan-2 and Gaganyaan missions.
September 16, 2018
ISRO launches two British earth observation satellites onboard PSLV-C42
- PSLV-C42 is carrying two earth observation satellites of Britain’s Surrey Satellite Technology Limited (SSTL), NovaSAR and S1-4, weighing 450 kg each.
April 14, 2018
PSLV-C41 Successfully Launches IRNSS-1I Navigation Satellite
- The IRNSS-1I is overall eighth satellite to join ISRO’s NavIC navigation satellite constellation.
- It replaced IRNSS-1A, the first of seven navigation satellites of IRNSS series that was rendered ineffective after its three rubidium atomic clocks failed.
- The IRNSS-1I was having lift-off weight of 1,425 kg and has life span of 10 years.
March 29, 2018
GSLV-F08 Successfully Launches GSAT-6A Satellite from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh
- GSAT-6A is high power S-band communication satellite with a mission life of about 10 years.
- It was placed in Geosynchronous orbit of Earth.
January 12, 2018
PSLV-C40 Successfully Launches 31 Satellites along with Cartosat-2 in a Single Flight
- Among 31 satellites, three satellites belong to India and 28 are of six other countries.
- The Indian satellites are 710 kg Cartosat-2 series, a 100 kg micro satellite and a 5 kg nano satellite.
- The 28 other satellites are from Canada, Finland, France, South Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States.
- The 28 international customer satellites were launched as part of the commercial arrangements between ISRO and its commercial arm ‘Antrix Corporation Ltd’.
- The PSLV-C40 rocket carried India’s 100th satellite, Cartosat 2, a surveillance satellite.
- The main payload Cartosat-2 Series satellite will provide regular remote sensing services using its panchromatic and multi-spectral cameras.