Know your State – West Bengal

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West Bengal is a state in eastern India, between the Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal. Its capital, Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), retains architectural and cultural remnants of its past as an East India Company trading post and capital of the British Raj.

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West Bengal State Placeholder
West Bengal State
Constitution Post Holder
  • Present Governor : Jagdeep Dhankhar
  • Present Chief Minister : Mamata Banerjee
  • Present State Assembly Speaker : Biman Banerjee
  • Present High Court Chief Justice : Thottathil B. Radhakrishnan
West Bengal : At a Glance
  • Established : 26 January 1950
  • Area : 88,752 km²
  • State Capital : Kolkata
  • High Court : Calcutta High Court
  • Official Language : Bengali
  • State Animal : Fishing cat
  • State Bird : White-throated King Fisher
  • State Tree : Chatim tree 
  • State Flower : Night-flowering jasmine (Shephali)
  • Number of administrative Division : 5 (Presidency, Medinipur, Burdwan, Malda and Jalpaiguri division)
  • Number of District (2019) : 23
  • Number of Municipal Corporation(2019) : 7
  • Number of Municipality(2019) :
  • Number of Community Development Block(2019) : 
  • Number of Gram Panchayat(2019) :  
West Bengal : Important Fact
  • First Governor : Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
  • First Female Governor : Shrimati Padmaja Naidu
  • First Chief Minister : Prafulla Chandra Ghosh
  • First Female Chief Minister : Mamata Banerjee
  • First Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court : Sir Barnes Peacock
  • First Female Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court : Manjula Chellur
  • First Non Congress Chief Minister : Jyoti Basu
West Bengal : Census 2011
  • West Bengal is the fourth most populated state in India after Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Bihar.
  • Population – 9,12,76,115
      • Rural Population – 31.87%
      • Urban Population – 68.13%
  • Census District – 19
  • Growth Rate – 13.84%
      • Rural Growth Rate – 7.73%
      • Urban Growth Rate – 29.90%
  • Literacy Rate – 76.26%
      • Male Literacy Rate – 81.69%
      • Female Literacy Rate – 70.54%
  • Density – 1028 per sq km
  • Sex Ratio – 950
      • Rural Sex Ratio – 953
      • Urban Sex Ratio – 944
  • Three Largest District by Area-  1. South 24 Parganas, 2. Paschim Medinipur and 3. Barddhaman
  • Three Smallest District by Area – 19. Kolkata, 18. Howrah and 17. South Dinajpur
  • Three Highest Population District  – 1. North 24 Parganas, 2. South 24 Parganas and 3. Murshidabad
  • Three Lowest Population District – 19. South Dinajpur, 18. Darjeeling and 17. Cooch Behar
  • Three Highest Population Density District – 1. Kolkata, 2. Howrah and 3. North 24 Parganas
  • Three Lowest Population Density District – 19. Purulia, 18. Bankura and 17. Darjeeling
  • Three Highest Literacy Rate District – 1. Purba Medinipur, 2. Kolkata and 3. North 24 Parganas
  • Three Lowest Literacy Rate District – 19. North Dinajpur, 18. Malda and 17. Purulia
  • Three Highest Female Literacy Rate District – 1. Kolkata, 2. Purba Medinipur and 3. North 24 Parganas
  • Three Lowest Female Literacy Rate District – 19. Purulia, 18. North Dinajpur and 17. Malda
  • Three Highest Sex Ratio District – 1.Darjeeling, 2. Paschim Medinipur and 3. Hooghly
  • Three Lowest Sex Ratio District – 19. Kolkata, 18. Purba Medinipur and 17. North Dinajpur
  • Three Highest Decennial Growth Rate District – 1. North Dinajpur, 2. Malda and 3. Murshidabad
  • Three Lowest Decennial Growth Rate District – 19. Kolkata(Negative), 18. Hooghly and 17. Dakshin Dinajpur
West Bengal : Folk Dance

List of folk dance of West Bengal – Alkap Dance, Baul, Brita Dance, Britan and Kali, Chhau, Chhokra, Dak, Dhali, Fakir, Gambhira, Gaudiya, Ghatu, Jatra, Jhumar, Khemta Dance, Kirtan, Kushan Dance, Lathi, Leto, Puppet Dance, Rava, Raybenshe, Santhali Dance, Tusu Parab

West Bengal : Folk Music

Some of the famous folk music of West Bengal is as follow; Baul, Bhawaiya, Bhadu Gan, Bhatiyali, Gambhira, Gajan, Jarigan, Keertan, Tarja, Kavigan, Jhumur

West Bengal : National Parks
  • Buxa National Park (Jalpaiguri district)
  • Gorumara National Park (Jalpaiguri district)
  • Jaldapara National Park (Alipurduar district)
  • Neora Valley National Park (Kalimpong district)
  • Singalila National Park (Darjeeling district)
  • Sundarban National Park (South 24-Paraganas)
West Bengal : Wildlife Sanctuaries 
  • Adina deer park (Malda district)
  • Ballavpur Wildlife Sanctuary (Birbhum district)
  • Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary (Nadia district)
  • Bidhutibhushan Wildlife Sanctuary (North 24 Parganas district)
  • Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary (Jalpaiguri district)
  • Chintamani Kar Bird Sanctuary (South 24 Parganas district)
  • Haliday Island Wildlife Sanctuary (South 24 Parganas district)
  • Jore Pokhri Wildlife Sanctuary (Darjeeling district)
  • Lothian Island Wildlife Sanctuary (South 24 Parganas district)
  • Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary (Darjeeling district)
  • Mayurjharna Elephant Reserve (Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram and Bankura district)
  • Narendrapur Wildlife Sanctuary (South 24 Parganas district)
  • Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary (Uttar Dinajpur district)
  • Ramnabagan Wildlife Sanctuary (Burdwan disctict)
  • Rasikbil Bird Sanctuary (Cooch Behar district )
  • Sajnakhali Wildlife Sanctuary (South 24 Parganas district)
  • Sinchal Wildlife Sanctuary (Darjeeling district)
West Bengal : Power Plant - Thermal, Hydro, Nuclear and Renewable

Thermal Power Plant

  • Durgapur Steel Thermal Power Station (Bardhaman district), DVC
  • Mejia Thermal Power Station(Bankura district), DVC
  • Raghunathpur Thermal Power Station (Purulia district), DVC
  • Farakka Super Thermal Power Plant(Murshidabad district), NTPC
  • Bakreshwar Thermal Power Station (Birbhum district), WBPDCL
  • Bandel Thermal Power Station (Hooghly district), WBPDCL
  • Kolaghat Thermal Power Station (Purba Medinipur district), WBPDCL
  • Sagardighi Thermal Power Station (Murshidabad district), WBPDCL
  • Santaldih Thermal Power Station (Purulia district), WBPDCL
  • Budge Budge Thermal Power Plant (South 24 Paraganas district), CESC
  • New Cossipore Generating Station (Kolkata district), CESC
  • Titagarh Thermal Power Station (North 24 Parganas district), CESC

Hydroelectric Power Plant

  • Rammam Hydroelectric Power Plant(Darjeeling district), NHPC
  • Teesta Low Dam Hydroelectric Project ((Darjeeling district), NHPC
  • Purulia Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Power Plant (Purulia district), WBSEDCL

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