Know your State – West Bengal

Blog Know Your State

West Bengal is a state in eastern India, between the Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal. Its capital, Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), retains architectural and cultural remnants of its past as an East India Company trading post and capital of the British Raj.

West Bengal State Placeholder
West Bengal State
Constitution Post Holder
  • Present Governor : Keshari Nath Tripathi
  • Present Chief Minister : Mamata Banerjee
  • Present State Assemble Speaker : Biman Banerjee
  • Present High Court Chief Justice : Thottathil B. Radhakrishnan
West Bengal : At a Glance
  • Established : 26 January 1950
  • Area : 88,752 km²
  • State Capital : Kolkata
  • High Court : Calcutta High Court
  • Official Language : Bengali
  • State Animal : Fishing cat
  • State Bird : White-throated King Fisher
  • State Tree : Chatim tree 
  • State Flower : Night-flowering jasmine (Shephali)
  • Number of administrative Division : 5 (Presidency, Medinipur, Burdwan, Malda and Jalpaiguri division)
  • Number of District (2019) : 23
  • Number of Municipal Corporation(2019) : 7
  • Number of Municipality(2019) :
  • Number of Community Development Block(2019) : 
  • Number of Gram Panchayat(2019) :  
West Bengal : Important Fact
  • First Governor : Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
  • First Female Governor : Shrimati Padmaja Naidu
  • First Chief Minister : Prafulla Chandra Ghosh
  • First Female Chief Minister : Mamata Banerjee
  • First Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court : Sir Barnes Peacock
  • First Female Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court : Manjula Chellur
  • First Non Congress Chief Minister : Jyoti Basu
West Bengal : Census 2011
  • West Bengal is the fourth most populated state in India after Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Bihar.
  • Population – 9,12,76,115 (Rural Population – 31.87%  and Urban Population – 68.13%)
  • Census District – 19
  • Growth Rate – 13.84% (Rural Growth Rate – 7.73% and Urban – 29.90%)
  • Literacy Rate – 76.26% (Male Literacy Rate – 81.69% and Female Literacy Rate – 70.54)
  • Density – 1028 per sq km
  • Sex Ratio – 950 (Rural – 953 and Urban – 944)
  • Largest District by Area (First-3) – 1. South 24 Parganas, 2. Paschim Medinipur and 3. Barddhaman
  • Smallest District by Area (Last-3) – 19. Kolkata, 18. Howrah and 17. South Dinajpur
  • Highest Population District (First-3) – 1. North 24 Parganas, 2. Sourth 24 Parganas and 3. Murshidabad
  • Lowest Population District (Last-3) – 19. South Dinajpur, 18. Darjeeling and 17. Coochbeehar
  • Highest Population Density (First-3) – 1. Kolkata, 2. Howrah and 3. North 24 Parganas
  • Lowest Population Density (Last-3) – 19. Purulia, 18. Bankura and 17. Darjeeling
  • Highest Literacy Rate (First-3) – 1. Purba Medinipur, 2. Kolkata and 3. North 24 Parganas
  • Lowest Literacy Rate (Last-3) – 19. North Dinajpur, 18. Malda and 17. Purulia
  • Highest Female Literacy Rate (First-3) – 1. Kolkata, 2. Purba Medinipur and 3. North 24 Parganas
  • Lowest Female Literacy Rate (Last-3) – 19. Purulia, 18. North Dinajpur and 17. Malda
  • Highest Sex Ration (First-3) – 1.Darjeeling, 2. Paschim Medinipur and 3. Hoogly
  • Lowest Sex Ration (Last-3) – 19. Kolkata, 18. Purba Medinipur and 17. North Dinajpur
  • Highest Decennial Growth Rate(First-3) – 1. North Dinajpur, 2. Malda and 3. Murshidabad
  • Lowest Decennial Growth Rate (Last-3) – 19. Kolkata(Nagetive), 18. Hooghly and 17. Dakshin Dinajpur
West Bengal : Folk Dance

List of folk dance of West Bengal – Alkap Dance, Baul, Brita Dance, Britan and Kali, Chhau, Chhokra, Dak, Dhali, Fakir, Gambhira, Gaudiya, Ghatu, Jatra, Jhumar, Khemta Dance, Kirtan, Kushan Dance, Lathi, Leto, Puppet Dance, Rava, Raybenshe, Santhali Dance, Tusu Parab

West Bengal : Folk Music

Some of the famous folk music of West Bengal is as follow; Baul, Bhawaiya, Bhadu Gan, Bhatiyali, Gambhira, Gajan, Jarigan, Keertan, Tarja, Kavigan, Jhumur

West Bengal : National Parks
  • Buxa National Park (Jalpaiguri district)
  • Gorumara National Park (Jalpaiguri district)
  • Jaldapara National Park (Alipurduar district)
  • Neora Valley National Park (Kalimpong district)
  • Singalila National Park (Darjeeling district)
  • Sundarban National Park (South 24-Paraganas)
West Bengal : Wildlife Sanctuaries 
  • Adina deer park (Malda district)
  • Ballavpur Wildlife Sanctuary (Birbhum district)
  • Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary (Nadia district)
  • Bidhutibhushan Wildlife Sanctuary (North 24 Parganas district)
  • Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary (Jalpaiguri district)
  • Chintamani Kar Bird Sanctuary (South 24 Parganas district)
  • Haliday Island Wildlife Sanctuary (South 24 Parganas district)
  • Jore Pokhri Wildlife Sanctuary (Darjeeling district)
  • Lothian Island Wildlife Sanctuary (South 24 Parganas district)
  • Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary (Darjeeling district)
  • Mayurjharna Elephant Reserve (Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram and Bankura district)
  • Narendrapur Wildlife Sanctuary (South 24 Parganas district)
  • Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary (Uttar Dinajpur district)
  • Ramnabagan Wildlife Sanctuary (Burdwan disctict)
  • Rasikbil Bird Sanctuary (Cooch Behar district )
  • Sajnakhali Wildlife Sanctuary (South 24 Parganas district)
  • Sinchal Wildlife Sanctuary (Darjeeling district)
West Bengal : Power Plant - Thermal, Hydro, Nuclear and Renewable

Thermal Power Plant

  • Durgapur Steel Thermal Power Station (Bardhaman disctict), DVC
  • Mejia Thermal Power Station(Bankura disctict), DVC
  • Raghunathpur Thermal Power Station (Purulia disctict), DVC
  • Farakka Super Thermal Power Plant(Murshidabad district), NTPC
  • Bakreshwar Thermal Power Station (Birbhum district), WBPDCL
  • Bandel Thermal Power Station (Hooghly district), WBPDCL
  • Kolaghat Thermal Power Station (Purba Medinipur district), WBPDCL
  • Sagardighi Thermal Power Station (Murshidabad district), WBPDCL
  • Santaldih Thermal Power Station (Purulia disctict), WBPDCL
  • Budge Budge Thermal Power Plant (South 24 Paraganas district), CESC
  • New Cossipore Generating Station (Kolkata disctict), CESC
  • Titagarh Thermal Power Station (North 24 Parganas district), CESC

Hydroelectric Power Plant

  • Rammam Hydroelectric Power Plant(Darjeeling district), NHPC
  • Teesta Low Dam Hydroelectric Project ((Darjeeling district), NHPC
  • Purulia Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Power Plant (Purulia disctrict), WBSEDCL
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