Indian Space Research Organisation and India’s Space Program


In this article, we will discuss the Indian Space Research Organisation & Indian Space Program at a glance and list of satellite launched in 2017, 2018 and 2019, which are very important from the exam’s point of view.


  • Vikram Sarabhai also is known as founding the father of the space program recognized the benefits of space technologies in India. In 1962, history of space activities reached its first milestone when Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru with scientist Vikram Sarabhai established the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR). Further, in 1963, the first rocket was launched from India in November 1963.
  • ISRO was formed on Independence Day, 1969 by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai
  • SLV-3 was India’s first indigenous satellite launch vehicle. The director of this project was APJ Abdul Kalam.
  • Aryabhatta first satellite of India launched by ISRO from Kosmos-3M Rocket at Kapustin Yar, Russia on 19 April 1975.
  • The satellite Aryabhata got it’s named by Indira Gandhi.
  • The commercial arm of ISRO is Antrix Corporation and its headquarter is in Bangaluru.


  • SLV-3 was the first vehicle of India which capacity of 40 kg.
  • ASLV (Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle) was the second vehicle of India which capacity of 150 kg
  • PSL (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) was the third vehicle.
    1. First flight – 20 September 1993
    2. Capacity – 1400-3800 kg
  • GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) was the fourth vehicle.
    1. Version – Mk 1, Mk 2 and Mk 3
    2. First flight – 18 April 2001
    3. Capacity – 2500-5000 kg (Mk-3: 2500-10000 kg)


  • Vikram Sarabhai Space Center (TLS)-Located in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, established in 1962.
  • Satish Dhawan Space Centre-It is located in Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh, established on 1 October 1971.
  • Master Control Facility-in the city of Hassan in the Indian state of Karnataka, established in 1982.
  • Satellite Center (ISAC)-It was established in 1972 in Peenya Industrial Estates of Bengaluru.
  • National Remote Sensing Agency-It was established in 1974 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh is responsible for acquisition, processing, supply of satellite data.


  • On 15 February 2017, ISRO successfully launched CARTOSAT-2D series satellite for earth observation with 103 co-passenger satellites using a single rocket PSLV-C37 from Sriharikota Space Centre.
  • On 5 May 2017, GSLV successfully launches South Asia Satellite.
  • On 5 June 2017, First developmental flight of India’s GSLV Mk III successfully launches GSAT-19 Satellites.
  • On 23 June 2017, India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its 40th flight (PSLV-C38) successfully launches Cartosat-2 series satellite for earth observation and 30 co-passenger satellites.
  • On 29 June 2017, India’s GSAT-17 Communication Satellite launches successfully.
  • On 31 August 2017, The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its forty-first flight (PSLV-C39) flight carrying IRNSS-1H, the eighth satellite of the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) into a Sub-Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (Sub-GTO).


  • On 12 January 2018 Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its forty-second flight (PSLV-C40) successfully launches Cartosat-2 Series Remote Sensing Satellite along with 30 co-passenger satellites.
  • On 23 March 2018 ISRO-BHEL tie-up for the production of Space Grade Lithium-Ion Cells.
  • On 29 March 2018 GSLV-F08 successfully launches GSAT-6A Satellite.
  • On 12 April 2018 India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its forty-third flight (PSLV-C41) in XL configuration successfully launches IRNSS-1I Navigation Satellite.
  • On 16 September, PSLV-C42 Successfully launches two foreign satellites from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), SHAR, Sriharikota.
  • On 14 November, GSLV MkIII-D2, the second developmental flight of GSLV MkIII successfully launched GSAT-29, a high throughput communication satellite. GSLV-Mk III which is the three-stage vehicle with two solid motor strap ons, a liquid propellant core stage and a cryogenic stage, is capable of launching 4 ton class of satellite to Geosynchronous Transfer orbit (GTO).
  • On 29 November 2018 PSLV-C43 successfully launches India’s Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite (HysIS) and 30 international co-passenger satellites.
  • On 5 December 2018, GSAT-11 India’s heaviest communication satellite (weighing about 5854 kg) launched successfully from French Guiana.
  • On 19 December 2018, GSLV-F11 successfully launches GSAT-7A, ISRO’s 39th communication satellite.


  • On 25 January 2019, India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C44) successfully injected Microsat-R and Kalamsat-V2 satellites into their designated orbits.
  • On 6 February 2019 GSAT-31 India’s Communication Satellite launched successfully from French Guiana.
  • On 1 April 2019 PSLV-C45 successfully injected EMISAT and 28 international customer satellites
  • On 22 May 2019 PSLV-C46 successfully launched RISAT-2B satellite from of Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota.
  • On 22 July 2019 GSLV-Mk III-M1 successfully launched Chandrayaan-2 Mission from of Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota.
  • On 27 November 2019 PSLV-C47 successfully launched Cartosat-3 and 13 commercial foreign nanosatellites (USA) from of Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota.
  • On 11 December 2019 PSLV-C48 successfully launched RISAT-2BR1 and nine foreign satellites(USA-6, Israel-1, Italy-1 and Japan-1) from of Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota.
    • It is the 50th mission of ISRO’s PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle).

To be continued

Download ISRO & Indian Space Program at a Glance and List of Satellite Launched in 2017, 2018 and 2019 by ISRO PDF Click Here

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